Machu Picchu is an Inca site (15th century) located in South America. This site was discovered by Hiram Bingham (American archaeologist) in 1911 and today it has become the hub for history-lovers. The Incas had built their estate in 1450 and had abandoned it when the Incas were conquered by the Spanish.
This site is a Peruvian Historical Sanctuary (1981) and UNESCO World Heritage Site (1983). Machu Picchu is considered to be a sacred and cultural place. The main historical ruins in Machu Picchu are:
Sun Gate: When you arrive at this site through the trail of Inca, this will be the first ruin you will experience.
Temple of the Sun: The stonework of this temple is mesmerizing.
Intihuatana Stone: This is a ritual stone facing the sun and casting a shadow which acts as a sun dial.
Temple of the Condor, Moon temple, Temple of the Three Window, Great cave are other important historical ruins to explore in this site.